First They Came for the Anti-Vaxxers – By Bretigne Shaffer – lewrockwell.com

This is a must-read in-depth article with good citations you may want to note which looks well-researched.  It is also from an influential right-of-centre US website with regular contributions by some leading individuals in the USA:  LewRockwell.com ANTI-STATEANTI-WARPRO-MARKET

First They Came for the Anti-Vaxxers

By – April 23, 2015

Earlier this year I spent a few days at the Ronald Reagan UCLA Medical Center with my daughter who was having an EEG done. On our way home, I learned that there had been an outbreak of an antibiotic-resistant bacteria while we were there, that it had infected seven people and killed two of them. My daughter and I were fine – the infection having been limited to people using a particular kind of duodenoscope.

When the story hit the news, I fully expected nationwide outcry similar to that inspired by the recent measles “epidemic” that began at Disneyland. That outbreak killed no-one, yet set the country on fire with calls for mandatory vaccination and even prison sentences for parents who choose not to vaccinate their children. Drug-resistant “superbugs” kill nearly 15,000 people a year in the US and a recent report predicts that they could kill as many as 300 million people by 2050. Surely this far more deadly health threat would lead to similar widespread outrage and calls for those even remotely responsible to be held accountable.

I expected to see editorials calling for anyone who engaged in the overuse of antibiotics to be shunned by society; doctors who prescribed them unnecessarily (around 50% of all prescriptions by some estimates) to be censured and perhaps lose their licenses; parents who asked for antibiotics every time their child had an ear infection – despite the fact that the vast majority are not bacterial and are unaffected by antibiotics – to be thrown in jail for endangering the rest of us. But I saw nothing along these lines. Why not?

The manipulation of the conversation around vaccines in the mainstream media has been nothing short of a tour de force. If you read only mainstream publications, you might come away with the impression that outbreaks of measles are the most serious public health crisis since the Black Death. You might think that those who do not vaccinate are uneducated, superstitious, “anti-science” zealots who get their information from daytime talk shows. You might even start to feel outrage at these people who – for no good reason at all – have decided to endanger everyone else by refusing to do what every doctor knows is perfectly safe, effective and the socially responsible thing to do.

The presentation of this issue has been a study in just how easy it can be to generate mass hysteria around a particular threat – even while much more serious threats inspire no such response. It’s as if every mainstream reporter has been given the same playbook to use in putting together their articles about vaccines – a playbook designed to elicit the above response from the public. I’ve tried to imagine what this playbook must look like and I think I’ve come up with a pretty decent facsimile. Here it is, along with my own annotations:

Read here for more: First They Came for the Anti-Vaxxers

Vaccines Proven To Cause Sudden Death in Children – 67 Deaths Only Explicable As Caused By Vaccines – Drug Safety Regulators Had The Information for Over 2 Years And Let Children Die

This confirmation vaccines cause children to die suddenly was published this month on the US National Library of Medicine’s website.

For decades regulators and public health officials have insisted parents were wrong to blame vaccines when their children died suddenly shortly after vaccination.  It was coincidence they would say – nothing more. 

The deaths were no more than the number usually to be expected they would add.

But all the time drug safety regulators appear to have been holding the evidence.

A confidential 1271 page GSK document ordered recently by an Italian Court to be published shows that multiple vaccines cause sudden child deaths.  [The document is a formal confidential previously unpublished submission by GlaxoSmithKline to the European Medicines Agency from 2011 and 2012.]

The GSK document contains data about deaths occurring as a result of administration of Prevenar 13 vaccine [from Pfizer], Infanrix Hexa from GSK and some other vaccines.  Prevenar 13 is given to all British children.

The analysis has been published on the US National Library of Medicines website using the data GSK provided to the European Medicines Agency.  The data is conclusive.  It is very clear and there is no room for argument.

And the analysis is simple.  Anyone can understand it.  The very plain data the document contains proves the matter without any doubt whatsoever.

Here is the one of the points from the published analysis [but there is more to read online].  It is not rocket science but very simple to understand:

(Source: Table 36 The GlaxoSmithKline Biological Clinical Safety and Pharmacovigilance report to Regulatory Authority)…… if one analyses the data looking at deaths in first 10 days after administration of vaccine and compares it to the deaths in the next 10 days, it is clear that 97% of deaths (65 deaths) in the infants below 1 year, occur in the first 10 days and 3% (2 deaths) occur in the next 10 days. Had the deaths been coincidental SIDS deaths unrelated to vaccination, the numbers of deaths in the two 10 day periods should have been the same. Similarly in children older than 1 year, 87.5% deaths (7 deaths) occurred in the first 10 days and 12.5% (1 death) occurred in the next 10 days.

Here is the data presented in a way that the clustering of deaths can be seen clearly [click on the table to open a larger version in a new window]:
20150210 GSK PSUR 15+16 Infanrix Hexa Deaths

The clustering of deaths around the time of vaccination demonstrates a link between the vaccination and the sudden deaths. It indicates this is not by chance as otherwise the deaths would be spread across the entire 20 days. Rather than showing the total deaths each day, GlaxoSmithKline showed the cumulative figures which had the effect of disguising the clustering of deaths around vaccination. They did this by listing the cumulative number of deaths. So by day 19 after vaccination GSK’s total was 67 deaths. But there had only been two deaths in those last 10 days and not 67. In contrast 65 deaths occurred on the first day of vaccination up to the 10th day following vaccination.

And here you can see GSK’s Table 36.  The way it is prepared disguises the clustering of deaths around the time of vaccination – the total cumulative number of deaths up to 10 days from vaccination is 65.  That number over the next 10 days increases by only 2.  So in 10 days there were 65 deaths and between day 11 to day 20 after vaccination there were only another two deaths.  So only the vaccine can be the cause of this:

TABLE 36  20111216 GSK Infanrix Hexa Summary Bridging Report 16-12-2011

The worst aspect is that the Observed to Expected ratio of deaths reported compared to deaths expected if the vaccine was not the cause was based on numbers of doses.  As each child was meant to receive three doses and not one, the Expected number of deaths was based on a population three times greater than it was, calculated by how many doses of the vaccines were distributed as if each child received only one dose.

Further, the day of vaccination and the prior day is when the Healthy Vaccinee Effect is greatest.  In short on those days the chance of a vaccinated child having some other illness including one which might result in a sudden death is very low – and can be expected to be less than a 0.1 chance relatively.  This arises because parents tend to avoid having their child vaccinated when unwell.  Over the day of vaccination and succeeding six days  the chance of illness rises practically linearly to return to chance of 1 relatively.  The Expected calculation for the seven days starting on the day of vaccination relied on a correction of 0.8 which is several times higher than appropriate for the first few days following vaccination.  And no adjustment was made for under reporting of adverse events.

All of these factors resulted in the ratio of Observed deaths to those Expected calculated by GSK was much more than three times lower than it should have been. So for the day of vaccination with 16 observed deaths, substantially fewer than that would be expected.

This is how GSK presented their formula:

GSK OE Formula cropped

Here is a serious issue.  This kind of information is routinely provided to regulators like the MHRA but never made public.  On the one occasion such a document is published as a result of the actions of a judge in an Italian Court it is possible to show beyond any doubt that multiple vaccines cause sudden deaths in children.

This appears a serious failing of European regulators.

All the EU regulators including the MHRA have had this information for at least three years and failed to act on it.

Further, the MHRA has an agreement with the drug industry not to publish information like this despite the provisions of the UK Freedom of Information Act.

And here is an example of how slanted news reporting is.  The following report is not an independent objective balanced report of the facts:

Dawn Papple, Independent Outsourced Freelance Writer, Social Media Marketer, Independent Contractor

It is by someone called Dawn Papple apparently from the Greater Detroit Area USA who lists her working activities as Independent Outsourced Freelance Writer, Freelance Writer, Social Media Marketer, Graphic Designer, Independent Contractor.

This appears to be a somewhat racist press report, referring to the information being just from India and “the doctor from Delhi” [as if we can all ignore it] and claims the issue is being raised by “anti-vaccine” proponents.  It does not address properly the safety of children nor does it contain any proper overview of the real risks of disease for  children against the risks of vaccines nor why there are real causes for concern.

There is clearly an intentional bias.  Criticising the original edition of this CHS article, prior to this revision to review Papple’s report, Papple states:

The doctor who analyzed the data did not state that there was no room for argument, though. He did not brazenly state that the hexavalent Infanrix vaccine causes sudden death in babies.

It may not have been “brazen” as Papple writes emotionally, but it does look like he did and Papple knows that.  She wrote earlier in the article that the doctor stated:

this demonstrates a link between the vaccination event and the sudden deaths.”

Dawn Papple does not question whether the information GSK provided is reliable and downplays the way GSK disguised the clustering of deaths around the time of vaccination stating, as if it were the wrong approach [emphasis added]:

Rather than compounding the total deaths each day, as in the documents found online, the pediatrics doctor suggests we examine how many more deaths happened right after the vaccine was given compared to as the days went by. He said this demonstrates a link between the vaccination event and the sudden deaths.

A substantial omission from Dawn Papple’s article is she does not discuss that GSK has been caught, found guilty of and fined substantial sums of money for serious misconduct including paying up with the largest health fraud settlement in US history.  But Dawn Papple takes as true what GSK says compared to a doctor who with courage has reported publicly this problem with vaccine caused sudden deaths which GSK kept secret and reported in a disguised manner to the safety regulators. 

CHS has reported on GSK’s problems with fraud and the like before.  Here is an example:

GSK Fined US$3 BILLION – largest health fraud settlement in U.S. history

Remarkably, Papple claims this CHS article is by “an anti-vaccine advocate from Child Health Safety“.  She has no information to support such a spurious claim and when CHS is pro-safety, democracy and informed and free choice.  Papple it would seem is against.

Absent from the report is the issue that parents are told vaccines are entirely safe when they are not. Also absent from the report is the fact that vaccines are given to children the majority of whom especially in the western world are highly unlikely to suffer serious adverse effects of disease.

In other words normal healthy children are being given vaccines which can kill some of them who may never have a problem from the childhood diseases concerned, even if they caught them. 

The report also fails to address the fact that no effective treatments for basic well-known longstanding childhood diseases have been developed.  That is a scandal in the scientific 21st Century.  If there were effective treatments vaccines would not be needed.

So not only will the public will not get balanced information, here you can see attacks against the dissemination of information via social media.

With mainstream media reporting about vaccination issues being successfully made a near blackout except for reports promoting vaccines, this article shows how the next targets are likely to be shutting down social media and the internet for people to get information about vaccine issues.

Here from the report is a dubious claim which contradicts and downplays under-reporting of adverse vaccine reactions:

According to the statistics within the document, even if the doctor from Delhi’s fears are spot on, the risk of sudden death, while existent, would also be exceptionally rare after vaccination with the hexavalent Infanrix vaccine.”

Earlier in the report it refers to adverse vaccine reactions being under-reported but fails to explain how substantially under-reported they are.  So the information in the GSK document represents a small fraction of the problems of adverse vaccine reactions.

And interestingly, this article, seemingly reviewing the GSK document and many other publications also has been written in a very short space of time when the material concerned is extensive and would require a very long time to consider it.  It also contains no quotes from sources approached by the author, Dawn Papple, to support what she has written including the statements she makes as if of fact and the opinions she expresses [with no medical or scientific qualifications]. That is very poor journalism in our view.

The GSK document is 1271 pages alone.  Journalists normally do not have that kind of time.  This article is written by someone who describes her work as Independent Outsourced Freelance Writer, Freelance Writer, Social Media Marketer, Graphic Designer, Independent Contractor.

If you were to form the opinion that her publication http://www.inquisitr.com is trash journalism, you might be right and we would agree.

WARNING TO PARENTS – Protect Your Child From Another Clearly Dangerous Vaccine – HPV [Gardasil & Cervarix] – And The Common Corruption in Government Public Health Agencies

Here you can see at a glance why this vaccine should be withdrawn worldwide and ask yourself why do health officials promote such dangerous, ineffective, unaffordable and unnecessary vaccine programmes.  CHS has previously reported on this vaccine:

SaneVax is an international non-profit organization working with representatives in over 25 countries. SaneVax believes vaccines should be scientifically proven safe, affordable, necessary and effective.  The SaneVax Team say they cannot support HPV vaccination programs for the following reasons:

#1 HPV VACCINES ARE NOT SAFE

  • HPV vaccines account for nearly 25% of the reports on the USA’s Vaccine Adverse Event Reporting System (VAERS) database. VAERS was established in 1990. HPV vaccines were introduced 16 years later in mid-2006.  And there are over 80 other vaccines approved for use in the United States.  Since the introduction of HPV vaccines [including Gardasil and Cervarix]:

    • reports of Acute Disseminated Encephalomyelitis [ADEM] have increased over 1,000%;
    • infertility reports increased 790%;
    • reports of blindness increased 188%;
    • spontaneous abortions by 270%.
  • when 24,000 girls were injected with HPV vaccines during ‘demonstration projects’ an estimated 5% (1200) were left with chronic health problems and/or autoimmune disorders;
  • Japan withdrew the government recommendation for the administration of HPV vaccines after only 6 weeks when reports of adverse events after Gardasil were 26 times higher than the annual flu shot;
    • reports after Cervarix were 52 times higher than the annual flu shot;
    • 24.9% of the adverse events reported were considered serious.
  • Denmark reports that 24% of the adverse events reported after HPV vaccinations were considered serious.
  • adverse events reports in Italy are ten times higher than most other vaccines – at a rate of 219/100,000. The cervical cancer rate in Italy is 7.7/100,000.

#2 HPV VACCINES ARE NOT AFFORDABLE

  • HPV vaccination programs do not eliminate the need for pap screening, they simply add the price of 3 injections to already overburdened healthcare systems around the globe.
  • There is an already proven safe and effective method of controlling cervical cancer in most developed countries – pap screening and good gynecological follow-up. Countries without this practice in place would be money ahead to spend their healthcare budget developing the infrastructure to provide this type of care.
  • Cervical cancer causes 2.3 deaths/100,000 women in the United States. The cost of 3 doses of HPV vaccine for 100,000 women is an estimated $30,000,000 ($100/dose) to try and eliminate less than 3 deaths which could have been avoided with pap screening and good gynecological follow-up. How many medical professionals could be trained and/or medical facilities built with that same 30 million dollars?

#3 HPV VACCINES ARE NOT NECESSARY

  • The human papillomavirus has never been proven to cause cancer by itself. Other risk factors must also be present in order to prompt the development of cancer.
  • According to the World Health Organization, only 0.15% of all people exposed to any high-risk strain of HPV will ever develop cervical cancer. The vast majority of HPV ‘infections’ are benign and cause no medical problem whatsoever.
  • HPV type prevalence varies greatly from one region to the next. Are the HPV types targeted by current vaccines the same ones prevalent in your country?
  • There is no excuse for exposing the female population of the world to the risks involved with HPV vaccination when there is an already proven safe, affordable, necessary and effective means of controlling cervical cancer.

#4 HPV VACCINES ARE NOT EFFECTIVE

  • According to the World Health Organization, only 1% of CIN1 progresses to the next stage, only 1.5% of CIN2 progresses. Only 12% of CIN3 lesions, which are actually considered a pre-cursors to cancer. Nevertheless, the FDA allowed the manufacturers of HPV vaccines to use these often self-reversing abnormal lesions as endpoints to judge the efficacy of their products.
  • The other endpoint used to predict efficacy was antibody titers. No one has determined what level of antibodies is necessary to prevent HPV infections. It is simply assumed that the higher the antibody titer level, the better the potential protection.
  • HPV vaccines have not been clinically proven to prevent a single case of cancer.
  • There is no guarantee that eliminating one risk factor for the development of cervical cancer will have any impact on the disease incidence or mortality rate.
  • It will take more than 20 years to determine whether or not HPV vaccines perform as advertised.
  • There is no guarantee that any suppressed oncogenic HPV type will not mutate over the next 20 years and become more dangerous.

More US CDC Research Fraud – Publishing False Figures to Promote A Pointless Vaccine to The US and Third World

The video below shows with references to peer reviewed citations in journal papers that the US Centers for Disease Control medical scientists engage in using peer reviewed journal publications, in this case Health Economics, to promote Hep B vaccine on false and made up figures.  Hepatitis B vaccine is given to every US baby immediately following birth when the disease risk is predominantly to intravenous drug abusers and practitioners of unsafe sex and not babies.  Hepatitis B vaccine has a reputation as a particularly toxic vaccine: UK Government Caught Lying On Baby Hep B Vax Safety.

This 7 minute video contains citations to peer reviewed journal publications showing the CDC falsifying disease data to promote the Hep B vaccine by claiming 250,000 hepatitis cancer deaths in India and published this in a journal paper. The paper claims a death rate at 5000% of the true figure such that the vaccine is being promoted on a completely false basis which cannot be justified on the basis of the true figures.

The findings which show this further US CDC research fraud were published in the Lancet medical journal. The CDC could not justify the figures but the CDC paper has not been retracted by the publishing journal: Health Economics.  The correspondence with the journal can be found here: Letter to the Editor Policy analysis of the   use of Hepatitis B, Hemophilus  influenzae type B, Streptococcus pneumoniae-conjugate  and Rotavirus vaccines   in   the   National   Immunization Schedules. HEALTH ECONOMICS Health Econ. 13: 1147–1148 (2004).

The correspondence and response of the US CDC author can be read here.

Flu Vaccine 13 Deaths – Italy – Authorities Fail to Prove Vaccine Not Responsible

CHS reported here on the recently reported deaths following flu vaccine: Official Investigation As 13 Die Following Flu Vaccine – Italy

Now it is being reported: ‘No evidence’ Fluad flu vaccine caused deaths in Italy

There are a number of problems with this report.   When precautionary measures are needed, the evidence the public need is that the vaccine did not kill, not that there is no evidence it did.  There appears to be no evidence the vaccine did not kill the 13 victims.  There is evidence the deaths followed very shortly after the vaccine.  Vaccines are fast tracked and not properly tested for safety.  They are not subjected to the “gold standard” of testing – the randomised placebo controlled trial.

And as a public health measure they do not work – yet health authorities continue to push flu vaccines on the population not because they do work but because these are mass experiments on living human populations with products which are not proven safe.  And then the adverse reactions are heavily under-reported and the data misreported to pretend dangerous vaccines are safe, as CHS has reported previously:

UK Drug Safety Agency Falsified Vaccine Safety Data For 6 Million

UK Fakes Flu Death Numbers

New Study – Flu Vaccine Doesn’t Work

New York Times – Flu Vaccine Does Not Work – Yet More Research Says

Australia Bans Flu Vaccine – Child In Coma – Many Hospitalised

Children Get Narcolepsy From Flu Vaccine – Confirmed in British Medical Journal

US Drug Company Released Deadly Virus In EU In Vaccine

New Flu Risk From Vaccine – “a very effective way to spread flu” – New Nasal Spray Vaccine

Piers Morgan Very Sick Days After USA TV Flu Shot Stunt Backfires – Piers Told “Don’t Ever Take A Flu Shot Again”

Children Risk Untested Flu Vaccines In Hyped Pandemic

“Children to Die” – Latest Flu Scaremongering

World Pandemic Health News Round-Up

Swine ‘Flu Jokes

“Don’t give children flu jab” says chief medical officer

US Docs “Children to Die” In Flu Non-Pandemic

EU Takes Emergency Measures Over Glaxo’s ‘Flu Vaccine – Causes Narcolepsy in Children

CBS News Investigation – Forced Swine Flu Vaccination Under Obama’s “National Emergency” Based on Wildly Exaggerated Statistics

Australian Government Dumps On Sick Kids Injured by ‘Flu Vaccine

Flu Vaccine Caused 3587 US Miscarriages & Stillbirths

Flu Vaccine Cripples Healthy US Cheerleader for Life

EU And Canada Flu Vaccine Ban – Not Reported By Press

Now UK Recalls Another Novartis Flu Vaccine – Agrippal – Recall Follows EU and Canadian Bans of Agriflu and Fluad Flu Vaccines

EU Flu Vaccine Bans Still Unreported – Medics Sick After Vaccine Refuse More

Most UK Medics Refusing Flu Vaccines – UK’s New Chief Medical Officer Resorts To Bullying

Official Investigation As 13 Die Following Flu Vaccine – Italy

Italy Investigates Novartis Flu Vaccine After 13 Deaths are Reported

Ed Silverman – Pharmalot – Wall Street Journal – 1st Dec 2014

Italy has suspended the use of two batches of the Fluad flu vaccine made by Novartis after 13 people died shortly after the treatment was administered.

………..

The episode occurs shortly before Novartis is due to transfer its vaccines business to GlaxoSmithKline as part of an asset swap deal in which Glaxo will transfer most of its cancer portfolio to Novartis. A Glaxo spokeswoman declined to comment.

This is the not the first time that Novartis has run into difficulties with vaccines produced in Italy. Two years ago, the drug maker suffered what it called a “data-handling discrepancy,” which caused some vaccines to be temporarily and voluntarily held for several months. Novartis inspected its manufacturing practices and submitted reports to the EMA and AIFA before shipments resumed.”

Previous CHS articles on flu vaccine:

Children Get Narcolepsy From Flu Vaccine – Confirmed in British Medical Journal

Vaccine Maker GlaxoSmithKline To Gain US$480,000,000 From Causing Narcolepsy in 800 Children With Its Flu Vaccine

New York Times – Flu Vaccine Does Not Work – Yet More Research Says

New Study – Flu Vaccine Doesn’t Work

UK Fakes Flu Death Numbers

Governments Fake Flu and Measles Death Estimates

Can You Trust Known-to-be Corrupt Governments When They Also Push Useless Flu Vaccines – US Talk Radio Dr Michael Savage On The Savage Nation January 11, 2013

Australia Bans Flu Vaccine – Child In Coma – Many Hospitalised

US Drug Company Released Deadly Virus In EU In Vaccine

New Flu Risk From Vaccine – “a very effective way to spread flu” – New Nasal Spray Vaccine

Piers Morgan Very Sick Days After USA TV Flu Shot Stunt Backfires – Piers Told “Don’t Ever Take A Flu Shot Again”

Children Risk Untested Flu Vaccines In Hyped Pandemic

“Children to Die” – Latest Flu Scaremongering

World Pandemic Health News Round-Up

Swine ‘Flu Jokes

“Don’t give children flu jab” says chief medical officer

US Docs “Children to Die” In Flu Non-Pandemic

EU Takes Emergency Measures Over Glaxo’s ‘Flu Vaccine – Causes Narcolepsy in Children

CBS News Investigation – Forced Swine Flu Vaccination Under Obama’s “National Emergency” Based on Wildly Exaggerated Statistics

Australian Government Dumps On Sick Kids Injured by ‘Flu Vaccine

Flu Vaccine Caused 3587 US Miscarriages & Stillbirths

Flu Vaccine Cripples Healthy US Cheerleader for Life

EU And Canada Flu Vaccine Ban – Not Reported By Press

Now UK Recalls Another Novartis Flu Vaccine – Agrippal – Recall Follows EU and Canadian Bans of Agriflu and Fluad Flu Vaccines

EU Flu Vaccine Bans Still Unreported – Medics Sick After Vaccine Refuse More

Most UK Medics Refusing Flu Vaccines – UK’s New Chief Medical Officer Resorts To Bullying

53,000 Paralysis Cases in India From Polio Vaccine In A Year – NPAFP Identical to Polio But Twice as Deadly

How to declare a vaccine programme a success?  Redefine the disease and then claim it is being eradicated with a vaccine whilst still causing paralysis under a different name “Non Polio Acute Flaccid Paralysis“.

NPAFP is clinically indistinguishable from polio paralysis but twice as deadly as revealed in a peer reviewed journal and reported by CHS here: New Paper – Polio Vaccine – Disease Caused by Vaccine Twice As Fatal – Third World Duped – Scarce Money Wasted – Polio Eradication Impossible

A report in India last January, from the second largest business newspaper in India “LiveMint”, with an exclusive relationship with the Wall Street Journal, records:

In the past 13 months, India has reported 53,563 cases of NPAFP at a national rate of 12 per 100,000 children—way above the global benchmark set by WHO of 2 per 100,000.” India to get polio-free status amid rise in acute flaccid paralysis cases  Jan 13 2014

India has provided the evidence to indicate that Non Polio Acute Flaccid Paralysis is a disease associated with the polio vaccine.  The vaccine contains live polio virus, so when administered artificially is a means of causing a polio infection.

The LiveMint article reports:

Two doctors from Delhi’s St Stephens Hospital, Neetu Vashisht and Jacob Puliyel, who compiled data from the national polio surveillance project, found a link between the increase in dosage of polio vaccination and the increasing cases of NPAFP.
 
“Most experts will tell you the cases of NPAFP have increased because of better surveillance. This is bunkum,” said Puliyel. “As per global benchmarks, as polio incidence comes down, the rate of NPAFP should also reduce. Instead, AFP cases have been increasing steadily.”
 
“In 2010, the government reduced the number of pulse polio doses from 10 to 6. What we found was that between 2010-2013, the number of APF cases also came down. Our paper argues that other kinds of polio are being caused by the excessive administration of polio dosages,” Puliyel said. “Another proof is that states like Kerala and Goa, where dosages were less, AFP cases was also less. Majority of NPAFP cases are reported from Bihar and UP, where several immunization rounds are held to reach universal coverage. These are figures the government does not want to admit.”