Secret British MMR Vaccine Files Forced Open By Legal Action

Read here what will be discovered and more.

[Another World Exclusive Below Purple [ 22/Jan/2009]
[World Exclusive – 17 Jan red below – New revelations – 15 Jan  blue]
[Later Updates in Green including January 2010]

This is the story the UK media have steadfastly not been publishing and of the contrasting unprecedented new developments in the US politically and in the US Federal Court.

The UK’s Daily Mail newspaper reported [13/Jan/09] the British government was refusing the public release under the UK’s Freedom Of Information laws of confidential files on a proven dangerous MMR [measles, mumps and rubella] vaccine.  A recent legal case has forced the files open: [Confidential MMR vaccine files should be opened in the public interest, watchdog rules – The Daily Mail – Jenny Hope – 13th January 2009]

The British government has prevented its child citizens being compensated and treated. Money and politics override child health safety. 20 years on children continue to be injured. Starting in 1986 Canada, to 1988 Japan and the UK to the present this previously unpublished account is definitive carefully researched and accessible.

The problem is not just autism and not just the MMR vaccine [see USA developments and Federal Court decisions below]. What else are we not being told?

Despite all the lies and deceit by health officials worldwide, the question “do vaccines cause autism” was answered when the Hannah  Poling story broke in the USA [see CHS article here].  Hannah developed an autistic condition after 9 vaccines administered the same day.  Under the media spotlight numerous US health officials and agencies conceded on broadcast US nationwide TV news from CBS and CNN. Full details with links to the original sources can be found in this CHS article: Vaccination Causes Autism – Say US Government & Merck’s Director of Vaccines. [Blue Text added 10 April 2011]

In the US Federal Court children have been compensated after findings they developed autism and other injuries. If you read nothing else we strongly recommend you read this: PDF Download – Text of email from US HRSA to Sharyl Attkisson of CBS News].  In it the US Health Resources Services Administration [HRSA] state to CBS News reporter Sharyl Attkission

We have compensated cases in which children exhibited an encephalopathy, or general brain disease. Encephalopathy may be accompanied by a medical progression of an array of symptoms including autistic behavior, autism, or seizures.

Contents

British Government’s Reckless Disregard for Child Health Safety

British Government & Establishment’s Efforts to Deny Compensation to MMR Vaccine Child Victims

AUTISM – US Court Decisions and Other Recent Developments – It’s Not Just MMR

Vaccine Risks Outweigh Risk of Disease

Vaccines, Autism and Your Child’s Allergies

In Whom Can You Trust?

What You Can Do – [click for action you can take]

To Contents

British Government’s Reckless Disregard for Child HealthSafety

The UK’s Department of Health and others appear to have been reckless as to the safety of British children over the manner in which Glaxo company, Smith Kline & French Laboratories Ltd’s Pluserix MMR vaccine was introduced and used on British Children in 1988

  • the problems with Pluserix MMR were known to the supplier, Glaxo company Smith Kline & French Laboratories Ltd from the experience of its introduction to Canada, in 1986, where Pluserix was marketed under the name “Trivirix”
  • Trivirix (Pluserix) was withdrawn from use in Canada in 1988 because it was dangerous, causing high levels of adverse reactions in children
  • the high levels of British adverse reactions to the vaccine were apparent and known about at British Ministerial level in 1990, as shown by ministerial correspondence
  • Pluserix/Trivirx are the identical vaccine manufactured in the identical Smith Kline factory in Belgium and with the exact same component parts and constituents
  • despite the Canadian position and contemporaneously with the final withdrawal of Pluserix/Trivirix in Canada the UK signed the contract to purchase Pluserix MMR from Glaxo company, Smith Kline & French Laboratories Limited in July 1988, even though it was known by then to be too dangerous for use on our children
  • SK&F was provided with a blanket indemnity in that contract by the NHS Procurement Directorate
  • the contract was signed up by the backdoor through the North East Thames Regional Health Authority as agent for the NHS Procurement Directorate rather than being a contract directly entered into with the NHS Procurement Directorate which negotiated the contract or the NHS Executive of the time
  • there was no Parliamentary scrutiny of this and it seems to have been effected in a manner Ministerially deniable
  • similar problems were experienced in Japan with the Japanese MMR vaccine which, in common with Pluserxi/Trivirix, contained the Urabe strain of mumps virus
  • the Japanese MMR was also withdrawn by 1992 on safety grounds having caused high levels of adverse reactions
  • the British government continued the licence for Pluserix MMR after 1992, which enabled it to be supplied overseas
  • even today, because it is cheaper than safer alternatives, organisations like UNICEF continue supplying urabe strain containing MMR vaccine to the more adverse reaction vulnerable and less well nourished third world children
  • since 1998, statistical papers claiming no evidence of an association between the MMR vaccine and autism have been published in a blaze of publicity, but when all the noise has died down, on subsequent careful examination, each one has been found to be flawed. These are the same kinds of statistical studies [epidemiology] used by the tobacco industry in the 1940’s and 50’s to claim smoking did not cause lung cancer
  • other than the Royal Free’s paper, no clinical studies of the MMR child litigants were undertaken or published
  • after being put under financial pressure by the British Government, in 2005 the Oxford based Cochrane Collaboration published a systematic review of all prior papers and its authors claimed to conclude the MMR vaccine was safe:-
    • it was shown the authors had violated the standards of evidence-based medicine [ref] and
    • their conclusions were not supported by the body of the review [ref]
    • and it later was discovered that the British Department of Health had increased the funding for Cochrane’s Oxford administration by £1 million per annum and extended the contracts of its British groups

To Contents

British Government & Establishment’s Efforts to Deny Compensation to MMR Vaccine Child Victims 

Legal Aid funded claims by children started as early as 1991 and well before Dr Andrew Wakefield warned the British public about the vaccine.  His efforts were met with the full force of the British establishment to discredit him and proceedings before the General Medical Council resumed only yesterday, which have been going on for three years.

The main false accusation levelled in February 2004 was that Wakefield made his disclosures in a medical paper published in The Lancet medical journal because he wanted to make money being an expert witness in Court.  But few people know the following [and there is naturally full documentation on this].

Crispin Davis, the Chief Executive of Reed-Elsevier, the owners of “The Lancet”, had a few months earlier in the July [2003] been brought onto the Board of Directors of MMR litigation Defendants’ parent company GlaxoSmithKline.

[Global publishing giant Reed-Elsevier owns 2,460 scientific journals, including the magazine New Scientist and earns substantial funds from the drug industry in advertising revenue.  Corruption in medical publishing is rife.  Elsevier was paid by drug  giant Merck to publish a fake medical journal with articles favourable to Merck’s drugs: [Merck published fake journal – Bob Grant – The Scientist – 30th April 2009].  Drug maker Wyeth flooded medical journals with some 40 ghostwritten articles penned by prominent physicians who sold their name for cash, in an all-out effort to offset the scientific evidence linking its female hormone replacement drug, Prempro, to breast cancer: [Judge orders Wyeth papers unsealed– Associated Press – July 25, 2009].  Reed-Elsevier’s former chairman, Jan Hommen, attended the secretive annual Bilderberg conference in 2007 and 2010.  Bilderberg was described to senior British politician Lord Ashdown as ‘fifty people who run the world and twenty hangers on’: The Ashdown Diaries – Volume One 1988-1997; Penguin – 2000 – ISBN 0 14 029775 8 – pp.42-44]  [Blue text added 29 May 2011]].

Brian Deer, a freelance journalist was commissioned by The Sunday Times two months later in September 2003 to write the stories attacking Wakefield.

This was about two weeks before the Legal Services Commission final decision was due on withdrawal of Legal Aid from the MMR children’s UK litigation and which did withdraw legal aid.

The person who commissioned Deer was Paul Nuki, Sunday Times’ sometime Head of Newsroom investigations and “Focus” editor.  Paul Nuki is son of Professor George Nuki. Professor George Nuki in 1987 sat on the Committee on Safety of Medicines when the CSM was considering Glaxo company Smith Kline & French Laboratories’ Pluserix MMR vaccine for safety approval.  The CSM approved Pluserix MMR but it caused very high levels of adverse reactions and was withdrawn by the manufacturers on very little notice in late 1992 leaving the Department of Health in an embarrassing position.

Large numbers of British children were injured and legal aid claims had already started from as early as 1991, five years before Wakefield became involved and contrary to The Sunday Times’claims that this was all a scam set up by Wakefield and solicitor Richard Barr.

Sitting on the CSM with Professor George Nuki was Professor Sir Roy Meadow and Professor Sir David Hull.  Professor Sir Roy Meadow is now notorious for his evidence falsely condemning mothers around the world for killing their children. This includes the Sally Clark case where vaccines are directly implicated in the cause of death, as revealed by Neville Hodgkinson in The Spectator, (What killed Sally Clark’s child? | The Spectator 16 May 2007 ) but which were specifically discounted by Professor Meadow in his evidence, despite sitting on the joint CSM/JCVI vaccine safety sub-committee with the UK Department of Health’s Head of Immunisation Professor David Salisbury and others to approve the MMR vaccine.

It was Professor Sir David Hull in 1998 who, as chairman of the Joint Committee on Vaccination and Immunisation, started the attacks on Wakefield’s work.  The Joint Committee on Vaccination and Immunisation advises the Department of Health on vaccination issues and the childhood vaccination programme.  As Chairman of the JCVI, Professor Sir David Hull could have taken action to deal with the issues over the MMR and protect British children.  Despite his attacks on Wakefield’s work, alleging unethical research on children for no clinical benefit, two years later in 2000, it was Professor Sir David Hull who rewrote the Royal College of Paediatrics and Child Health ethical guidelines to permit research on children where there was no clinical benefit (albeit in The Royal Free’s case all the investigations were clinically justified).

The Sunday Times’ freelancer was assisted in his efforts with free advice and assistance from the Association of British Pharmaceutical Industry funded and controlled company Medico Legal Investigations Limited.  Medico Legal Investigations Limited speciality was in getting medical doctors on charges before the General Medical Council. So we know that before a single word was published by The Sunday Times, it was already being planned with the involvement of interested parties that Wakefield and colleagues were to be taken before the GMC.

Another free of charge helper to Sunday Times’ journalist Deer was Glaxo Wellcome funded Fellow and active British Medical Association member, Dr Evan Harris MP.Harris has advised and assisted Deer up to the present, including attending the Wakefield GMC hearings with Deer.

The Sunday Times’ freelance journalist was also assisted by The Royal Free’s Strategic Health Authority which in early 2004 passed Deer confidential documents ‘in the spirit of openness’.  These included documents relating to the confidential medical treatment of the MMR child litigants. The SHA at first denied providing documents until it was pointed out the fact was disclosed by Dr Evan Harris MP, in Parliament on 15th March 2004.

In 2003 and later the freelance journalist was also being given illegally unofficial access [by a currently unconfirmed source] to confidential internal Royal Free documents.  Deer had also by 2003 been provided illegally [by another currently unconfirmed source] with copies of documents from the British MMR litigation including detailed medical notes and histories and expert reports [text added 24/Jan/2010].

On Saturday 21 February 2004, Lancet Editor Richard Horton pre-empted the Sunday Times’ stories. Horton was reported in The Times claiming he would not have published the MMR part of The Royal Free’s Lancet paper had Wakefield’s paid involvement in the MMR litigation been disclosed.  The Sunday Times had waited until Sunday 22 February 2004, 5 days before judgment in the MMR child litigants’ High Court challenge to the withdrawal of legal aid, to publish its stories attacking Wakefield.  Prime Minister Blair was reported in the press on the issue as was Health Secretary Reid.

As Dr Horton records in his book [“MMR Science and Fiction: Exploring the Vaccine Crisis,“], he was the next day exchanging notes over dinner and liqueurs with a member of the UK’s medical regulatory body, The General Medical Council on possible bases for GMC proceedings against Andrew Wakefield: [“The confusion”: Richard Horton – a remarkably frank passage‘ John Stone BMJ 2 November 2004].  Despite being consulted on the charges to be brought Horton was also later to be called as a witness for the GMC prosecution. [Added 25/1/2010]

After years out of government it was politically important to UK Prime Minister Tony Blair’s New Labour government to have become and to remain electable to  demonstrate it’s new credentials as friendly to UK business and commercial interests and “pro science”.  The British drug company and vaccine manufacturer GlaxoSmithKline was also significant economically achieving annual worldwide drug sales by 2005 of £18.5 billion.  Over one third of sales was for vaccines [£1.4 billion] and respiratory drugs [£5 billion] for treating asthma a chronic allergy condition which vaccines play a large part in causing [see further below on Vaccines, Autism and Your Child’s Allergies].  [Added 24/1/2010]

That MMR is solely a political and money issue was given away by journalist Jeremy Laurance’s The Independent’s story of 24th February 2004.  Laurance reported there was “delight” in Whitehall as “Ministers temper their triumphalism” and that “joy” was “unconfined at the discrediting of Andrew Wakefield“.  [“Ministers temper their triumphalism but delight spreads at Whitehall” The Independent – Jeremy Laurance, Health Editor Tuesday, 24 February 2004 ].

This was bizarre if the issue was just which measles vaccine might be given to children.  There was an acceptable, cheaper and more effective measles vaccine.   This was hardly stuff for Prime Minister Blair to involve himself in but even he jumped in with both feet.

However, in the light of the British government’s financial indemnity to Glaxo, the potential damage to billion pound sterling Glaxo’s financial interests from a scandal over the vaccine and the British government’s liability in negligence to large numbers of children, it starts to make sense.  This also puts into clearer perspective why the choice of which measles vaccine children received became a major political issue.  It had and has nothing to do with protecting your children from disease or child health safety. [blue text 15/Jan/09]

Legal aid was withdrawn on 27th February 2004 in a secret judgment by High Court Judge Nigel Davis.  The reasons remain unpublished today.  Evidence given in open court at a different hearing included the allegation from a parent that an official admitted to her that legal aid was withdrawn after government pressure.

It was discovered in 2007 that Judge Sir Nigel Davis is the brother of Lancet owner’s CEO and main Glaxo board member Sir Crispin Davis.  When challenged a statement was issued on Judge Davis’ behalf to The Telegraph newspaper’s legal correspondent Joshua Rosenberg and stated “The possibility of any conflict of interest arising from his brother’s position did not occur to him.

The outcome of an investigation by the Office for Judicial Complaints  found no impropriety and resulted in no action taken regarding the relationship between Judge Davis and his brother Crispin Davis’ GlaxoSmithKline board position.

On 15th March 2004 Dr Evan Harris launched an unprecedented and defamatory Parliamentary attack on Wakefield and his Royal Free colleagues and to which not one of Harris’ Liberal Democrat colleagues contributed.  This was based on material in documents Sunday Times’ freelancer Deer had obtained and passed to Harris. Harris used the opportunity to raise the allegations The Sunday Times chose not to publish after being dismissed by Lancet Editor Dr Richard Horton.  This occurred following a meeting at The Lancet’s offices on 18 February 2004 at which Harris was present with Brian Deer and attended by Andrew Wakefield, John Walker-Smith and Simon Murch.  Horton wrote of this in his book “The tension had been heightened…. by the shadowy presence of Evan Harris, a Liberal-Democrat Member of Parliament” and “Evan Harris, the MP who had mysteriously joined Brian Deer at the Lancet’s offices …” [Richard Horton,’MMR: Science and Fiction – Exploring the Vaccine Crisis’ Granta Books 2004, pps 3 & 7] [added 25/1/2010].

Harris later attended with Deer at the subsequent GMC hearings [added 27/Jan/2010].

Crispin Davis was awarded a knighthood June 2004.

Sunday Times’ freelance journalist Brian Deer confirmed numerous times on his website [later removed as reported in The Spectator online by journalist Melanie Phillips] that it was he who had made the submissions to the GMC which led to the present GMC proceedings against Wakefield. Wakefield’s lawyers had reported in November 2004 that Deer had made a statutory complaint to the GMC and freelancer Deer reported in the Sunday Times in December 2004 that the General Medical Council was investigating the complaints against Wakefield.  In 2004 The Sunday Times journalist wrote three letters of complaint to the GMC: 25 February, 12 March and 1 July 2004 [added 24/Jan/2010].

Professor Denis McDevitt was due in July 2007 to chair the unprecedented British General Medical Council hearing of the case of Doctors Wakefield, Murch and Professor Walker-Smith.  McDevitt and the GMC failed to declare McDevitt’s personal involvement in approving the dangerous Pluserix MMR vaccine in 1988.  He only stood down after Jamie Doward of the Observer, Martyn Halle, freelance journalist for the Sunday Express, Andy Wilks of the Mail on Sunday, Jenny Hope of the Daily Mail and Heather Mills of Private Eye challenged the GMC over the matter. [“MMR Conflict of Interest Zone” Private Eye – June 2007]

A British Medical Journal post suggests more troubling conflicts of interest of the current panel Chairman Dr Surendra Kumar. Kumar sits on two committees of the authority which licences the MMR vaccine (MHRA), the Independent Review Panel for Advertising and the Independent Review Panel for Borderline Products. Dr Kumar is also a shareholder in MMR defendants GlaxoSmithKline. “Re: Financial conflicts – shock horror” John Stone – British Medical Journal – 2 October 2008″ [Blue text 15/Jan/09]

Contrary to Lancet Editor Dr Richard Horton’s evidence to the GMC that he did not know of Wakefield’s paid involvement in the MMR litigation, Horton had detailed correspondence in 1997 disclosing that involvement  The correspondence was with Richard Barr, the solicitor who was working on the MMR litigation with Wakefield to help all those seriously injured British children.  This correspondence was considerably in advance of Horton’s February 1998 publication in The Lancet of the Royal Free’s paper containing the interpretation that MMR vaccine is associated with autism cases involving inflammatory bowel disease.

Notwithstanding this, the alleged non disclosure of the legal aid funding to Lancet Editor, Dr Richard Horton and the publication of the 1998 Royal Free paper was the nub of Deer’s The Sunday Times’ February 2004 attacks on Wakefield where it was claimed:-

The investigation has found that when [Wakefield] warned parents to avoid MMR, and published research claiming a link with autism, he did not  disclose he was being funded through solicitors seeking evidence to use against vaccine manufacturers.

Now we know from this that Horton’s claims do not stand up and with them, those of The Sunday Times fall as well.  But of course, not a word in the UK media.

Another key allegation in The Sunday Times’ journalist’s complaints to the GMC was that The Royal Free’s treatment of seriously ill autistic children with serious bowel disorder reported in the 1998 Lancet paper was simply research carried out without ethical approval.  But the journalist was referring to the wrong ethical approval granted in December 1996 reference 172-96 when the applicable ethical approval was granted in 1995 reference 162-95.  Ethics approval 162-95 was produced by Professor Walker-Smith’s defence team lawyers in the GMC. The production of this evidence contradicted numerous  of the GMC’s allegations of  professional misconduct against the doctors.  In the 90 pages of GMC charges there are 113 references to 172-96.[added 25/Jan/2010].

It seems had it not been for the complaints by The Sunday Times’ freelance journalist or the claims of Lancet Editor Dr Richard Horton, there may never have been any GMC case brought: [“Wakefield unlikely to be charged over MMR scare” – By Jeremy Laurance, Health Editor Sunday, 29 February 2004]. [added 25/Jan/2010].

Horton has not returned to the GMC Wakefield hearing this week [13/Jan/09] to clarify his evidence and face cross-examination.  It seems only his statement will be read out.

As for the Legal Aid money, for months in 1996 the Royal Free Medical School prevaricated  accepting it because “Clearly, this  could lead to a case against the Government for damages.” wrote Dean Zuckerman privately to the British Medical Association Secretary on 11th October 1996.

What no one knows and disclosed here publicly exclusively worldwide for the first time is that when The Sunday Times published its allegations against Wakefield in 2004 their journalist already had the documents showing Wakefield – a man accused of doing what he did for the money – was fed up with this and had arranged in May 1997 for all the legal aid monies to be sent back and that he had intended to raise the money himself for the injured children [see copy Freedom of Information memo below – added 17/Jan/09].

970520-tarhan-to-zuckerman-blatch-re-giving-the-money-back_11

It was the Royal Free which instead then reversed its position, decided to accept the money and arranged in July 1997 for it to be paid to special trustees.  Wakefield was never going to and never did receive a cent.

Wakefield’s Recent Summary of Sunday Times’ freelance journalist’s Complaints to GMC

Writing recently in the Autism File magazine [July 2009] Andrew Wakefield summarised the position regarding the allegations in The Sunday Times’ journalist’s complaints to the General Medical Council:-

Myths: The Lancet paper

  • was funded by the Legal Aid Board (LAB)

False – Not one penny of LAB money was spent on The Lancet paper. An LAB grant was provided for a separate viral detection study. This study, completed in 1999, does disclose the source of funding. The Lancet paper had been submitted for publication before the LAB grant was even available to be spent.

  • my involvement as a medical expert was kept ‘secret’

False – At least one year before publication, my senior co-authors, the Head of Department and the Dean of the Medical School7, and the CEO of the hospital were informed by me. This fact was also reported in the national press months prior to publication.

  • children were ‘sourced’ by lawyers to sue vaccine manufacturers

False – Children were referred, evaluated, and investigated on the basis of their clinical symptoms alone, following referral from the child’s physician.

  • children were litigants

False – At the time of their referral to the Royal Free – the time material to their inclusion in The Lancet paper – none of the children were litigants .

  • I had an undisclosed conflict of interest

False – The Lancet’s disclosure policy at that time was followed to the letter. Documentary evidence confirms that the editorial staff of The Lancet were fully aware that I was working as an expert on MMR litigation well in advance of the paper’s publication.

  • did not have Ethics Committee (EC) approval

False – The research element of the paper that required such an approval – detailed systematic analysis of children’s intestinal biopsies – was covered by the necessary EC approval.

  • I ‘fixed’ data and misreported clinical findings

False – There is absolutely no basis in fact for this claim and it has been exposed as false.

  • findings have not been independently replicated

False – The key findings of LNH and colitis in ASD children have been independently confirmed in 5 different countries.

  • has been retracted by most of the authors

False – 11 of 13 authors issued a retraction of an interpretation [that MMR vaccine causes autism]. This interpretation is not provided in the paper. While it remains a possibility, a possibility cannot be retracted.

  • the work is discredited

False – Those attemping to discredit the work have relied upon the myths above. The findings described in the paper are novel and important.

To Contents

AUTISM – US Court Decisions and Other Recent Developments – It’s Not Just MMR

[Blue added 15/Jan/09]

In February 2008, award winning best selling author David Kirby broke the story of the case of Hannah Poling and how the US Department of Health and Human Services secretly conceded [ie. there was no need for a hearing] in a US Federal Court case that Hannah’s symptoms of autism were caused by the nine vaccines [ie. not just MMR] which she received in one day [The Vaccine-Autism Court Document Every American Should Read – David Kirby – Huffington Post – February 26, 2008].

The official HHS position is that they conceded [whether frankly or spin] that vaccines caused Hannah’s autistic symptoms by exacerbating an underlying mitochondrial disorder. The case put the issue high up the US political agenda and continues to receive coast-to-coast media coverage in the USA [but almost total silence in the UK]. CNN lists the autism issue in its top ten US health stories of 2008:-

#2 – Autism  – “Debate over the causes of autism continued to rage after a court decided to compensate a family whose daughter developed the disorder after receiving childhood vaccinations” – Autism in CNN’s 2008 top ten US health stories

But Hannah’s case is not isolated and her “underlying” mitochondrial dysfunction appears not to be as rare as the US HHS would like us to think [Explaining Vaccines Autism & Mitochondrial Disorder].  And other cases have been made public [see below for details of another three involving MMRbut we do not know how many cases have been settled quietly, as Hannah’s case was before it became coast-to-coast news in the USA throughout 2008].

US Autism prevalence was put on the US presidential political agenda by all US presidential candidates in 2008:-

US President Barak Obama: “We’ve seen just a skyrocketing autism rate. Some people are suspicious that it’s connected to the vaccines. …. The science right now is inconclusive, but we have to research it.”  Obama Climbs On The Vaccine Bandwagon” – April 22, 2008 – David Kirby, Huffington Post]

You do not want to bring your children into the world where we go on with the number of children who are born with autism tripling every 20 years, and nobody knows why,Bill Clinton said.

In addition to the Hannah Poling case, the US Court also ruled last year in favour of a little boy Benjamin Zeller, deciding that as a result of the MMR vaccination received on 17 November 2004, Benjamin, suffered persistent, intractable seizures, encephalopathy, and developmental delay [US Court Rules In Favour Of Family In MMR Vaccine Case Ben Zeller J].

  • the judgement states the US Department of Health and Human Services had no alternative explanation beyond “Unconfirmed  speculation by a few treating doctors, as with Dr. Wiznitzer’s hypothesization
  • the standard of proof being applied in this US Court is identical to that in the English Court.
  • just like the English Court, these cases are decided by judge alone sitting without a jury [and that means better decisions on fact and evidence – no decisions from jury sympathy for the claimant]

In Banks v. HHS (Case 02-0738V, 2007 U.S. Claims LEXIS 254, July 20, 2007) MMR vaccine administered in March 2000 and the child was diagnosed with Pervasive Development Disorder [ie. Autistic Spectrum Disorder] secondary to acute disseminated encephalomyelitis (ADEM).  There have also been other reported cases.  Michelle Cedillo’s case was one of the first three test cases.  Michelle’s was a test case of whether Thiomersal and/or MMR vaccines were the cause of her autism and panapoly of other disorders. 

The three test cases were unsucessful with judgements given in early 2009.  Michelle Cedillo’s MMR case is under appeal.  Just as The Sunday Times Journalist Brian Deer published stories in the UK immediately before the English Court judgment by Judge Davis  [brother of Glaxo Director and Lancet CEO Crispin Davis]  Deer published again, visiting the USA the week of the US Court decision.  He had been also selectively passing documents about the UK litigation to the attorneys for the US defendant the Department of Health and Human Services. [Amended red 18/Jan/10].

The high and rising prevalence of autism brings into stark question the risk-vs-risk ratio of disease-vs-vaccines.  In a recent authoritative peer refereed study [January 7, 2009] researchers at the UC Davis M.I.N.D. Institute has found that the seven-to-eight-fold increase in the number of children born with autism in California  since 1990 cannot be explained by either changes in how the condition is diagnosed or counted — and the trend shows no sign of abating: [Press release “UC Davis M.I.N.D. Institute study shows California’s autism increase not due to better counting, diagnosis”  – full text of study found here – “The Rise in Autism and the Role of Age at Diagnosis” Epidemiology 20:1 January 2009].  This authoritative new US study shows:-

  • the substantial increase in autism is real and
  • must be caused by environmental factors and cannot be genetic
  • cannot be explained away as better diagnosis and greater awareness

New figures from the US show a doubling of autism in 5 years [ie. 2002-6 – see Table 1].  This represents US government tax dollars paid out.

TABLE 1 – USA SOCIAL SECURITY AUTISM FIGURES 2002-6

SSI RECIPIENTS
COUNTS FOR ADULTS AND CHILDREN
RECEIVING BENEFITS
FOR AUTISTIC & OTHER PERVASIVE DEVELOPMENT DISORDERS
AS OF DECEMBER IN 2002 – 2006
As Of December In Year Children 21 and under Adults 1/ All Recipients
2002 38,324 7,360 45,684
2003 44,076 9,282 53,358
2004 51,581 11,450 63,031
2005 59,479 13,647 73,126
2006 68,050 16,190 84,240
1/ INCLUDES PERSONS AGE 65 AND OVER WITH CLAIM TYPE = DISABILITY.

The US Inter-Agency Autism Coordinating Committee (IACC) has voted to recommend earmarking millions of dollars in research funds from the Combating Autism Act of 2006 to study the possible role of vaccines in the causation of autism – [“Top Federal Autism Panel Votes For Millions in Vaccine Research” – David Kirby – The Huffington Post – January 5, 2009].

Further recent news from the USA indicates US President Barak Obama is serious on the vaccines-to-autism  issue [“TV’s Gupta Chosen for US Surgeon General” – By Ceci Connolly and Howard Kurtz – Washington Post Staff Writers  – Wednesday, January 7, 2009].

This CNN interview by Dr Gupta openly discusses vaccines causing autism – if this was BBC Panorama everyone would be shocked – CNN’s Dr. Sanjay Gupta interviews Dr. Jon Poling.

And in another interview, Gupta interviews the Director of the US Centers for Diseases Control on the same issues: CDC Chief Admits that Vaccines Trigger Autism

And what is the British Department of Health doing about this?  It seems nothing whatsoever, even though at the Parliamentary and Scientific Committee 17th June 2008 MPs and Peers heard Cambridge autism expert Professor Simon Baron-Cohen concede to a questioner that more research into the vaccine/autism connection is needed and that a recent study indicates autism costs the UK £28 Billion pa.  The £28 billion figure includes hidden costs, like costs of people taken out of the economy, whether those affected or their carers.  [LSE “Economic Consequences of Autism in the UK” – Study by team led by Professor Martin Knapp [Executive Summary] [NB. The main defect in the research is the assumption there are 433,000 are adults (aged 18 and over) who have autistic spectrum disorders.  We have the research to show there are approximately 107,000 children but there is not such a number of adults, the 433,000 being a projection based on the numbers of children.]

Here are some of the politics and cronyism of Labour’s approach to burying the autism problem. Surprisingly, we do not have any official “body count” of autistic children and adults. All we have is the “first ever” prevalence study commissioned by the DoH in 2008 [announced by Ivan Lewis] but seemingly involving “Tony’s Cronies”.  “Department of Health announces adult autism strategy” – Thursday, 8-May-2008.

The study is to find all the adult autistics who should exist [to prove autism has always been this high] and is not due to report until this year. Minister Tessa Jowell’s first husband and New Labour stalwart, Roger Jowell’s old company, NatCen is involved.  NatCen (The National Centre for Social Research) is billed as a “not-for-profit” company and works almost exclusively for government and governmental organisations. : [“University of Leicester to lead audit of adults with autism” Eurekalert – 9-May-2008].

To prove autism has always been this high the authors must find approximately 400,000 adult autistics in the UK and their assumed approx 400,000 carers. But there cannot be that many.  Office for National Statistics figures show the total number of adults caring for a dependent adult or relative in September 2001 for any reason was 326,000: [Data source: “Census figures Table 1-7 “The economically inactive who look after the family or home“]

Measles Comparison

See here how the risk to children in Western economies from measles is now insignificant for the vast majority MEASLES MORTALITY UK & USA.

To Contents

Vaccines, Autism and Your Child’s Allergies

[New Exclusive Worldwide Revelations 22/Jan/2009]

In addition to the new MMR vaccine, in 1990 infants were also “hit” with the “accelerated” DTP vaccine schedule – receiving three DTP shots – one each at 2, 3 and 4 months.  Prior to this the intervals were 3, 5 and 9 to 12 months of age. The DTP vaccine contained a highly neurotoxic ingredient.  The ingredient was an organo-mercury excipient called “Thiomersal” [“Thimerosal” in the USA].   Thiomersal is toxic in parts per billion – in extremely small dilutions. The vaccine was The Wellcome Foundation’s Trivax AD DTP vaccine. The Wellcome Foundation is now GlaxoSmithKline.Thiomersal was first introduced by pharmaceutical company Merck in the 1930s and was not clinically trialled for safety in use in vaccines.

Research shows that children with autism appear to have deficient mechanisms for expelling toxins like mercury and it accumulates in the body.

Revealed here exclusively worldwide for the first time, information obtained under  the UK’s Freedom of Information law confirms the British MHRA [Medicines and Healthcare Products Regulatory Agency] has no data on how much Thiomersal was in Trivax AD DTP vaccine. Although the British DoH [Department of Health] claimed publicly to have known, that claim therefore appears incorrect.

Video: University of Calgary Faculty of Medicine – How Mercury Causes Brain Neuron Degeneration

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Your Child’s Allergies and Vaccines

Thiomersal is also known to induce allergy. Many children, in particular those with regressive autism, have serious problems with allergies.  Some have exceptionally high levels of IgE, [the allergic antibody immunoglobulin E].

Since the introduction of the accelerated DTP vaccination schedule in 1990 the prevalence of life-threatening food allergies in British children has also increased exponentially “Time trends in allergic disorders in the UK” R Gupta, A Sheikh, D P Strachan, H R Anderson, Thorax 2006;000:1–6.  Big rise in patients with deadly allergies – Jamie Doward, The Observer 16 Apr 2006.  Number of children treated for nut allergies soars Daniel Foggo, The Sunday Times April 2, 2006.

The date of the rise can be tracked back to 1990 using publicly available data. This increase has occurred in parallel with significant increases in other disorders like autism, asthma and childhood diabetes.

Thiomersal is a well recognised cause of allergies: [The European Agency for the Evaluation of Medicinal Products – Medicines Evaluation Unit – Safety Working Party Assessment of the Toxicity of Thiomersal in Relation to Its Use in Medicinal Product SCPMP/SWP/I898/1998 – 8 September 1998].

980908-emea-report-downloadable_1

980908-emea-report-downloadable_3

Thiomersal is not the only component of vaccines which causes allergy. Adjuvants are an ingredient in almost all vaccines and cause allergy. US biotech company BioSante’s CEO, Steve Simes said on the launch of their new adjuvant:-

The problem with most adjuvants is that they can cause allergies,” said Simes. “Ours might not be as potent as others, but it is safer.”

Last Update: 3:45 PM ET Apr 24, 2006

[Text added 24/Jan/2010]

And again revealed here exclusively worldwide for the first time is the recent British 2006-7 Parliamentary session House of Lords Science and Technology Committee Report “Allergy” [6th Report of Sesssion] makes no mention whatsoever ofany vaccine or of Thiomersal in vaccines or as being a cause of the exponential rise in childhood allergies which has occurred since 1990 in the UK [Amended 18/Jan/10].

The use of Thiomersal in other pharmaceuticals [eg. contact len cleaning fluid] has been strictly controlled in Europe: CPMP Position Paper on Thiomersal – Implementation of the Warning Statement Relating to Sensitisation. The European Agency for the Evaluation of Medicinal Products London, 21 October 1999 CPMP/2612/99]

Thiomersal contains 50% by weight of mercury.  There is no safe limit – only a “permitted daily/weekly tolerable” limit.  This is measured in parts per million per kilogramme of body weight.  Those limits apply when ingested in food]. This neurotoxic organo-mercury compound was injected directly into infants’ bodies at a time their bodies and nervous systems were developing the most rapidly at any time in their lives. The amount of thiomersal claimed to be in Trivax AD DTP vaccine was 50 millionths of a gramme injected directly into the body.

A 4 kilo weight 2 month old baby would have received in one injection 63 times higher than the permitted tolerable daily intake in food set by the US Environmental protection Agency and the UK’s Committee on Toxicity.

To protect infants the PTWI set by the UK Committee on Toxicity for intake of mercury compounds in food for women who are pregnant, or who may become pregnant within the following year, or for breast-feeding mothers is one tenth of a millionth of gramme per kilogramme of body weight per day – for a 9 stone woman [57 kg] that is 5.7 millionths of a gram per day.

Calculation of an infant’s daily and overall body burden of toxic mercury must also include the burden from environmental pollution.  [Sources include mercury in the air from power station emissions and in fish as a result of oceanic pollution by anti-fouling applied to ships’ hulls.  Mercury is liquid at room temperature and evaporates forming a toxic vapour in the air].

Also revealed here worldwide for the first time under Freedom of Information is that the British Government also had no data on Thiomersal content of many other vaccines around that time and some had more than claimed by the British government was in DTP.  Examples are Duncan Flockhart’s DTP vaccine – 130 millionths of a gramme  thiomersal per millilitre and Lister Institute Pertussis vaccine – 120 mcg/ml Thiomersal.  Accordingly, this brings into question how much was in Trivax AD DTP vaccine.

The British Government also hid this lack of knowledge from Parliament.  A further revelation made here exclusively worldwide for the first time is that British Health Minister Hazel Blears MP misled the English Parliament in 2001 when she said in a Parliamentary answer thatAll childhood vaccines licensed since 1986 which have ever contained thiomersal as an excipient are listed in the table” [to the answer]. [House of Commons Hansard Written Answers for 3 Jul 2001 (pt 19)]. The table contained no such details and listed only those vaccines granted a licence in the UK since 1993.

Julie Kirkbride MP had asked for the “vaccines …. licensed since 1986 which contain thiomersal.

If you are asked have you been licensed to drive your car since 2006, you will answer “yes” even if you have held a licence since 1980.  Blears’ answer was in fact the answer to the question of the “vaccines granted a licence since 1986 which contain Thiomersal”.

But, it seems mercury is not the only problem [See above – US Court Decisions and Other Recent Developments – It’s Not Just MMR].

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In Whom Can You Trust – [Added 24/Jan/09]

The British Government

The British Government claims Thiomersal was phased out of its childhood vaccines in October 2004 [but vaccine stocks may have taken longer to run down and how safe is what has replaced it?].

A previously confidential 1991 internal Merck memorandum published by the USA’s  Los Angeles Times shows the UK authorities had then known about the problem and were privately expressing concern to the vaccine manufacturer about the presence of mercury in vaccines.  This was along with Sweden, Japan and Switzerland: [‘91 Memo Warned of Mercury in Shots – By Myron Levin – LA Times – February 08, 2005].

So why did they take 13 years to do something about it and why did they and do they continue to tell the British public there is and was no problem when they knew there was and is?  And as vaccines also alter the functioning of the immune system, the removal of Thiomersal may well not be the only factor affecting the increases in autism, asthma, allergies and childhood diabetes.  [see above – US Court Decisions and Other Recent Developments].

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The US Centers For Disease Control and Drug Companies

On 7-8 June 2000, a confidential private meeting without public scrutiny took place between vaccine manufacturers’ representatives, 51 US scientists, and a representative of the World Health Organization.  This was to discuss a study by US Centers for Disease Control expert Dr Thomas Verstraeten of increasing doses of Thimerosal and neurodevelopmental disorders in children.  Verstraeten used US Vaccine Safety Datalink (VSD) data, an official US governmental data bank on the children from US health maintenance organizations (HMOs).

Verstraeten’s study showed a dose-response relationship between Thimerosal in vaccines and neurodevelopmental disorders in children that held up to rigorous statistical analyses.  This means Verstraeten’s study showed a causal association between the amount of Thimerosal in vaccines a child received and the extent to which the child developed the symptoms of impaired brain development .  These ranged from tics, speech impairment to symptoms of and full autism. The discussions can be read in the transcript of the Simpsonwood Conference obtained by US organisaton SafeMinds under Freedom of Information.

Three years later Dr Thomas Verstraeten, MD, MSc  [now working for GlaxoSmithKline Biologicals, Belgium] published a different paper in the journal Pediatrics: [“Safety of thimerosal-containing vaccines: a two-phased study of computerized health maintenance organization databases“.  Verstraeten T, Davis RL, DeStefano F, et al.  Pediatrics.2003; 112 :1039 –1048].   The new paper included another set of data from a third HMO, reorganised the criteria for inclusion of children and restructured the patient groupings, and  a less than statistically significant link was demonstrated. It was heavily criticised by campaigners and concerned experts. Verstraeten published a vigorous letter in his defence in which he rejected any suggestion of impropriety: [“Thimerosal, the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, and GlaxoSmithKline“]: PEDIATRICS Vol. 113 No. 4 April 2004, pp. 932.

What can be said about this?  When Verstraeten was a public official working for the US CDC there was a serious problem.  When Verstraeten was working for GlaxoSmithKline there was no problem.

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Independent Medical Professional Organisations

The US Institutes of Medicine published a report in 2001 on whether MMR caused autism [Immunization Safety Review – Measles-Mumps-Rubella Vaccine and Autism].

The IOM committee held closed meetings to discuss the report’s content and before considering the evidence.  A transcript of a meeting on 12th January 2001 was disclosed in Court proceedings [US District Court of Texas, Eastern District; Case #5:03-CV-141].

Here are some quotes from the transcript:-

  • [the Centers for Disease Control] “wants us to declare, well, these things are pretty safe on a population basis.” [p33]
  • We said this before you got here, and I think we said this yesterday, the point of no return, the line we will not cross in public policy is to pull the vaccine, change the schedule. We could say it is time to revisit this, but we would never recommend that level.   Even recommending research is recommendations for policy.  We wouldn’t say compensate, we wouldn’t say pull the vaccine, we wouldn’t say stop the program.” [p74]
  • we are not ever going to come down that it is a true side effect,” [p97]
  • Chances are, when all is said and done, we are still going to be in this category. It is just a general feeling that we probably still are not going to be able to make a statement,” [p123]

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What You Can Do

If you found this information helpful there are two things you can do about it.

Please share this page with others

  • email the links to this page to others
  • post links to this page
    • on your website
    • on your blog
    • in comments on relevant websites and blogs
  • email them to health journalists and journalists from your local newspapers, TV and radio stations – [phone them for details of email addresses or look them up on the internet]

Here is a link for you to copy and paste :-

Secret British MMR Vaccine Files Forced Open By Legal Action

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UK Residents – Write To Your Politicians – Do It Now!

Write to your Member of Parliament with the link to this page. If you do not write to your MP, and do not keep on writing them, then don’t complain when politicians  do nothing.  Write to your Member of Parliament with the link to this page. It is their job to represent you.

Ask your MP to ask the UK’s Secretary of State to explain why the British Government allows officials of the UK’s Department of Health to cause the human rights of children to be violated.

To email your MP, all you need to know is your MP’s name.  MP’s email addresses are in the form:-

surname.initial@parliament.uk.

To find out who your MP is click on this link:-

http://www.writetothem.com/

_____________________________________________

Notes on terminology:-

In the US the official diagnostic definition of what we call “Autism Spectrum Disorders” or ASD are  instead called “Pervasive Development Disorders” or PDD for short.  That is under the “Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (4th edn)” or “DSM IV” for short.

“Autistic Spectrum Disorder” is the term applied internationally under the “ICD” or “International Classification of Disease”

Many refer to ASD and PDD as “autism” but “autism” is a subset of the spectrum and is often referred to also as “childhood autism”, “typical autism” and “Kanner autism”.  [The common behaviours like hand flapping, loss of eye contact and suchlike in young children are unmistakable, whereas other spectrum disorders like mild Aspergers Syndrome can be more difficult to diagnose.]

Copyright ChildHealthSafety 2009 – The authors hereby assert their moral rights.  All rights reserved.

Drug Industry Operates Like Organised Crime – But Kills More People Than The Mob – Says Dr. Peter Gøtzsche of the Cochrane Center in Copenhagen, Denmark – 200,000 Americans pa Killed Following Doctors’ Instructions – Prescription Drugs 3rd Leading Cause of Death In West

In the two videos below you can watch and listen to Dr. Peter Gøtzsche who leads the Nordic Cochrane Centers in Copenhagen, Denmark. Two hundred thousand Americans, he says, die every year from taking pharmaceutical drugs, the third-leading cause of death — half of whom while simply following their doctors’ orders.

Gøtzsche said that large pharmaceutical companies were no different than organized crime or the mafia. The companies buy off influential lawmakers, ministers of health and medical academics — effectively silencing criticism by anyone with significant influence.

By taking fewer drugs, claimed Gøtzsche, people could live far longer lives.  You can read Dr Gøtzsche‘s book Deadly Medicines and Organised Crime: How big pharma has corrupted healthcare Paperback – 21 Aug 2013.   You can also read Professor David Healy’s book “Pharmageddon”

Video: (8 minutes):  Dr. Peter Gøtzsche: Big Pharma Is Organized Crime

 

Scientific Review Paper – How Vaccines Have Been Causing Cancers, Paralysis And Death for Decades

When zealots and charlatans tell you that the science is vaccines are safe and effective, the example of polio vaccines show they do not know what they are talking about [or are lying to you?].  This CHS article is about: serious injury and death caused by the original and current polio vaccines; the lie that polio vaccines eradicated “polio”; how polio vaccines are causing cancer today.

What was called “polio” in the 1940s and 1950s is not what is called “polio” today.  So one thread here is about eradicating a disease not with a vaccine but by calling it something else.  The problem did not go away.  An article in the British Medical Journal concluded “The only way to eradicate paralytic poliomyelitis is to stop vaccinating.“: Feature Polio. Polio eradication: a complex end game BMJ 2012; 344 doi: http://dx.doi.org/10.1136/bmj.e2398 (Published 02 April 2012) Cite this as: BMJ 2012;344:e2398

Recent research indicates the vaccine was and is a big problem.

Polio vaccine causes non polio acute flaccid paralysis [or NPAFP] which is clinically identical to polio but twice as deadly – redefining a disease does not eradicate the problem – the problem remains but has a different name.  In other words, research shows that children are getting paralysis and dying just by getting the polio vaccine – it is just not called polio [which is also one way of faking the effectiveness of a vaccine which causes temporary and longer term paralysis and death and so is not preventing it]:

One of the problems with “science” in biological sciences is that organisms are unbelievably complex.  When “life” or biological “scientists” claim to “know“, 1) they don’t and 2) they can’t.  Just because it is believed the “science” says that doing one thing can bring about one change, does not mean it is known what cascades of other harms caused by that change can be known.  A single cell is complex beyond the full comprehension of even those who call themselves “scientists” who tinker with them.  Even single cells are well beyond the capability of anyone to devise scientific theories to predict reliably what will happen when changes are made.  Multiply that complexity for the trillions of cells and other complex structures within the human body and you start to get an idea.

It has been known for some long time now that the SV40 virus [polyomavirus simian virus 40 (SV40)] which was for a long time part of the polio vaccine continues to cause cancers and deaths today.  This CHS article brings you details of a peer reviewed scientific paper which reviews the scientific evidence.  The full extent of the death toll over many decades is not known.  No one knows exactly how many people have been killed by cancers caused by the “life-saving” polio vaccine.  It is without doubt very likely to be many hundreds or even thousands of times greater than the numbers of lives allegedly saved from the [redefined] “polio” by the polio vaccine.

The full paper can be found here: Vilchez, RA. Butel, JS. Emergent Human Pathogen Simian Virus 40 and Its Role in Cancer. Clin Microbiol Rev. 2004 Jul; 17(3): 495–508.

Abstract: The polyomavirus simian virus 40 (SV40) is a known oncogenic DNA virus which induces primary brain and bone cancers, malignant mesothelioma, and lymphomas in laboratory animals. Persuasive evidence now indicates that SV40 is causing infections in humans today and represents an emerging pathogen. A meta-analysis of molecular, pathological, and clinical data from 1,793 cancer patients indicates that there is a significant excess risk of SV40 associated with human primary brain cancers, primary bone cancers, malignant mesothelioma, and non-Hodgkin’s lymphoma. Experimental data strongly suggest that SV40 may be functionally important in the development of some of those human malignancies. Therefore, the major types of tumors induced by SV40 in laboratory animals are the same as those human malignancies found to contain SV40 markers. The Institute of Medicine recently concluded that “the biological evidence is of moderate strength that SV40 exposure could lead to cancer in humans under natural conditions.” This review analyzes the accumulating data that indicate that SV40 is a pathogen which has a possible etiologic role in human malignancies. Future research directions are considered.

And if you want to find more on cancer and SV40 virus here are some further references [in addition to those cited in the above-referenced and quoted paper]:

 

UK’s Independent on Sunday – “Thousands of teenage girls enduring debilitating illnesses after routine school cancer vaccination”

When Caron Ryalls was asked to sign consent forms so that her then 13-year-old daughter, Emily, could be vaccinated against cervical cancer, she assumed it was the best way to protect Emily’s long-term health.

Yet the past four years have turned into a nightmare for the family as Emily soon suffered side effects. Only two weeks after her first HPV injection, the teenager experienced dizziness and nausea.

The symptoms grew increasingly worse after the second and third injections, and I went to A&E several times with severe chest and abdominal pains as well as difficulty breathing,” Emily, now 17, said. “One time I couldn’t move anything on one side of my body. I didn’t know what was happening.

Emily is one of the thousands of teenage girls who have endured debilitating illnesses following the routine immunisation. She is yet to recover and has no idea when her health will return to normal.

Prior to the vaccination Emily had an ‘unremarkable’ medical history with no problems,” said Mrs Ryalls, 49, from in Ossett, West Yorkshire. “She was considered very healthy and represented the school at hockey, netball, athletics and was a keen dancer. She was also a high achiever at school, in the top sets for everything and predicted at least 10 GCSE with high grades. Her future was very bright.

Read rest of story from Independent on Sunday:

Thousands of teenage girls enduring debilitating illnesses after routine school cancer vaccination

More Evidence Hepatitis B Vaccines Cause Multiple Sclerosis [amongst other serious conditions]

In its issue of October 20, 2014, JAMA Neurol published a paper “Vaccines and the risk of multiple sclerosis and other central nervous system demyelinating disease” (doi:10.1001/jamaneurol.2014.2633).

In accordance with my previous criticism regarding the methodological reliability of most studies presented as confirming the safety of vaccines, this investigation [1] raises a number of serious concerns.

Case ascertainment – Whereas the study title makes special emphasis on multiple sclerosis (MS: ICD code 340), case identification includes no less than nine ICD codes, some of which (optic neuritis or acute disseminated encephalomyelitis being sometimes difficult to differentiate from genuine MS, whereas others [transverse myelitis] are generally considered as distinct). The most expected result of such a diagnosis blending is to weaken statistical power and to blur epidemiological evidence.

Vaccination assessment – Only 4.0% of the 3885 controls were exposed to hepatitis B vaccine in the 3 years before the index rate; this may be compared with the study by Hernan et al. [2] (the design of which was fairly similar), where 2,4% of the 1565 controls were exposed to a recombinant hepatitis B vaccine. The trouble is that this immunization was highly selective in the latter population (UK), whereas it was massive in the former (USA). In spite of this major discrepancy in the vaccine policy between the two countries, the surprisingly small difference between these two percentages raises the hypothesis that, for one reason or another, vaccination recording was incomplete in the American sample. Although duly pointed out as remarkable by Langer-Gould et al., low vaccine exposure in their sample was not seriously discussed by the authors.

Control selection – Although a black ethnicity was the most prominent risk factor identified by the authors in their previous study on the incidence of demyelinating syndromes (quoted as reference 17 in their current paper), one may wonder why their control selection did not include race in their matching method. As it happens, imbalance in the distribution of black race between cases and controls was the most striking feature of the baseline samples characteristics.

Index date – Although the timing of symptoms appearance is generally a crucial argument for causality in drug monitoring (there may be exceptions to this rule), this parameter is never properly considered in investigations devoted to post-vaccine MS. Actually, as the disease may remain clinically silent for years, the relevant parameter is neither the date of diagnosis nor that of the late symptoms which lead to the investigations leading to positive diagnosis. In spite of this, what investigators mean by “symptoms onset date” is never clearly defined: which symptoms? For example, in their abovementioned reference 17 (Table 1), Langer-Gould et al. estimated at 0.9 month the median time from symptom onset to diagnosis, after having stipulated that, defining MS required two or more episodes of MS “separated in time”: is unlikely that 0.9 month is a sufficient time interval to separate two distinct MS episodes… At the opposite side of the clinical spectrum, the very first symptoms of a MS are often an unexplained fatigue, mild paresthesia, etc. the onset of which may be quite close to the time of vaccine injection (a few days or weeks), but which may last for years before onset of more significant symptoms: thus, if one focus on the late significant symptoms, this very long time lag is almost always interpreted as speaking against a vaccine role whereas, when considering the whole of symptoms sequence from its very beginning (i.e. from the time of quite discrete symptoms just after injection), it is on the contrary highly suggestive of a vaccine causality. I have never seen this crucial problem properly taken into account in any database, so that most investigations about the time between vaccination and the onset of MS symptoms are essentially misleading.

Regarding MS and in spite of their denials, the authors ended up to a result very close to that of Hernan et al.’s., namely an overrepresentation of cases (4.2%) as compared to the controls (3.1%) within a time windows of 3 years. Of course, this difference just failed to reach statistical significance but: i) as documented above, the methodological tendency of the authors contributed to decrease the power of their results; ii) amongst the published case/control studies supposed to exclude a post-vaccine risk of MS (by means of like strategies of dilution of the cases or of insufficient observation period), the number of those suggesting (even in a nonsignificant way) an overrepresentation of cases in vaccinated subjects is clearly higher than those suggesting an underrepresentation, and the difference between the two groups of studies is clearly significant from a statistical point of view.

Finally and as with most papers devoted to the safety of hepatitis B vaccines, the authors cannot refrain from concluding that no “change in vaccine policy” is warranted: yet, their investigation is totally devoid of the slightest element likely to validate any vaccine policy, whose potential shortcomings (included issues of cost, of resources allocation, of individual and collective efficacy, of nonneurological risks, etc.) go far beyond the sole issue of MS. In psychoanalysis, such optimism (going far beyond the available evidence from a given investigation) is called “the return of the repressed”…

[1] Langer-Gould A, Qian L, Tartof SY, Brara SM, Jacobsen SJ, Beaber BE, et al. Vaccines and the risk of multiple sclerosis and other central nervous system demyelinating diseases. JAMA Neurol. 2014 Dec;71(12):1506-13.

[2] Neurology 2004; 63: 838-42.

The Money and Criminal Connections Behind The Vaccine Racket – How Vaccines Your Child Does Not Need Get Mandated – How Serious Ill Health and Death Are Not Reported Publicly

The chart below from Natural News.com neatly summarises the way some drug companies like GSK [including some which have criminal convictions such as for fraudulent marketing and selling of dangerous drugs] use money to manipulate politicians, universities, the media, medical professionals and the public to expand the ever increasing burden of vaccines one too many of which do cause serious ill health and/or death.  What the chart does not show is the high levels of under-reporting of adverse vaccine reactions and the manipulation of adverse reaction data to hide the data showing the scale of serious adverse reactions.  See also below the links to just a few of the previous relevant CHS articles.

CLICK ON THE CHART TO VIEW FULL SIZE:

How Drug Company Money is Used to Push Vaccines Which Have Killed and/or Injured Childre

The Vaccine Racket

Here are a few of the relevant previous CHS articles:

GSK Fined US$3 BILLION – largest health fraud settlement in U.S. history

UK Drug Safety Agency Falsified Vaccine Safety Data For 6 Million

Commercially Corrupted Medicine Leading Cause of Death in USA – Washington Post

More US CDC Research Fraud – Publishing False Figures to Promote A Pointless Vaccine to The US and Third World

US Prosecutors Seek Extradition of Madsen MMR/Autism Denmark Study Author for US$1m MMR & Mercury Autism Research Fraud

Proof Some Docs, Drug Companies, Politicians & Government Officials Work To Make Your Kids Sick – To Get Your MONEY – News From NY USA Charity AHRP

More Fraud From Drug Giant GlaxoSmithKline Companies – Court Documents Show

UK General Medical Council Told Docs “Commit Fraud for MMR Vaccine Bonuses”

More Fraud By Drug Giant Merck – US$650 Million

The Issues Explained For You – Senior Centers for Disease Contol Scientist Admits CDC Knew MMR Vaccine Causes Autism For Over 10 Years And Fabricated Research To Hide This – Interview With Jon Rappoport

Congressman “CDC Should Be Investigated” – US Centers for Disease Control Vaccine Safety Corruption Compared to Bernie Madoff

Paid Ghostwriters Write Wikipedia On Behalf of Paying Clients – Confirmed by Wikimedia Foundation Legal Department

W.H.O. Ensures Third World Child Vaccine Deaths Will Not Be Recorded – New Weakened W.H.O. Criteria For Third World Child Deaths From Vaccines

Patient Committed Suicide After His Doctor Was Hounded By Dr Ben Goldacre’s Badscience Forum Internet Bullies – Perpetrator’s Mild Two Year Cautionary Sentence Only Just Ended December 2013

Whooping Cough Vaccine – Doesn’t Work – GSK Says “We Never Bothered to Check”

 Unsafe Vaccines & Corruption In Medical Journal Publishing

CLICK ON THE CHART TO VIEW FULL SIZE:

The US Centers for Disease Control – #1 Enemy of the US People – Does More Harm To US Citizens Than Terrorists – [Including Al Quaeda and ISIS Combined]

[ED: The following article is republished from AL Witney.  It is a sobering thought that the number of US citizens harmed by its own government and agencies, including the CDC, is vastly more substantial than US citizens harmed by terrorist activity.  The US Government and its agencies are the greater threat to US citizens.

A recent article published in the British Medical Journal includes the following

Despite the agency’s disclaimer, the CDC does receive millions of dollars in industry gifts and funding, both directly and indirectly, and several recent CDC actions and recommendations have raised questions about the science it cites, the clinical guidelines it promotes, and the money it is taking.

Jeanne Lenzer, associate editor, The BMJ, USA Centers for Disease Control and Prevention: protecting the private good? BMJ 15 May 2015 Cite this as: BMJ 2015;350:h2362 ]

_____________________________

The Centers for Disease Control is a rogue institution engaged in the destruction of the health of the American population:-

  1. CDC is a for-profit corporation listed on Dun and Bradstreet
  2. CDC partners with big pharma
  3. CDC deceives health practitioners as well as the public
  4. CDC is rife with corruption
  5. CDC orchestrates propaganda campaigns based on non-existent threats
  6. CDC wastes billions of dollars and cannot demonstrate it is controlling disease
  7. CDC hires researchers to create bogus studies
  8. CDC does not protect the population, but promotes whatever agenda those who control the White House [the international banksters] wish advanced
  9. CDC pays public health institutions and even has employees stationed in their state offices
  10. CDC ignores congressional reports and/or hearings
  11. CDC actively discredits/destroys reputable researchers
  12. CDC bilks insurance companies out of billions of dollars by knowingly creating disease through their massive vaccination programs
  13. CDC hires private think-tank corporations to produce phoney ‘consensus’ science reports
  14. CDC promotes the dumping of toxic wastes from the chemical fertilizer industry into public drinking water in the name of ‘fluoridation’ contributing to ill health
  15. CDC has a long and nasty relationship with the CIA

While most physicians and public health workers may be unaware of the depth of the cover-up regarding vaccines, the harm they are causing is incalculable and the damage being inflicted on us and our children is devastating. Since the illnesses or injuries caused by toxic vaccines frequently don’t show up for weeks or even years, the medical industrial complex maintains plausible deniability.

Many good physicians have come forward (like those affiliated with the International Medical Council on Vaccination) and exposed the dangers of vaccines as have CDC whistle-blowers. The truth is everywhere. [See: CDC Exposed]

Question: Why would legislators trust any recommendation coming from the CDC?

Answer: They wouldn’t . . .  if they were told the truth.

Which organization in this movement is willing to get past the vaccination “choice” argument and help advance the truth i.e. the CDC and their so-called recommendations cannot be trusted AT ALL!

Here is a 40 minute interview with Dr David Lewis, former CDC/EPA employee and author of Science for Sale, blowing the whistle on the CDC, et al:

Dr David Lewis on In Defense of Humanity

Best,

AL

AL Whitney
Retired Registered Respiratory Therapist Former Court Appointed Special Advocate for Children Spouse of a retired Family Practitioner

People for Safe Technologies

Save Children At Risk – Demand Release of Trial Data On Dangerous Vaccine – Help Yourself, Your Children and Others – Tell The Director, Christian Medical College, “Release Rotavirus Vaccine Trial Data”

Vaccines which kill and injure children are unacceptable.  This is why you are asked to sign the petition linked to below. The problem with the rotavirus vaccine is it can kill.  The other problem is the rotavirus is no risk to your child.

Read on for why. 

30 Seconds of your time could save a child’s life, so click the link and sign the petition:

To Director, Christian Medical College: Release Rotavirus Vaccine Trial Data

Rotavirus vaccine is given to children to interrupt the circulation of the rotavirus to prevent diahorrea.  In developed western economies this is not a killer disease.  The vaccine is part of a programme directed to eradication of the virus.  Your child gets the vaccine because some anonymous officials have decided they don’t want to develop a proper treatment.  They want to be heroes and claim the credit for eradicating a disease which is no threat to your child or any child in your entire country.  It does not seem to matter who gets in the way.  That your healthy child is put at risk of death on the way somehow does not seem important to some of them.  That larger numbers of third world economy children are put at risk also seems not so important – just as long as no one identifies and names those concerned as pushing a killer vaccine.

Rotavirus vaccine causes some children’s intestine to fold into or collapse into itself.  This is called intussusception.  It is dangerous and a killer.  It seems that many if not all rotavirus vaccines have this problem.  So if you are in a developed western country you have every right to insist 1) your child is not given a rotavirus vaccine and 2) those who push the vaccines develop effective treatments instead for the very few who might have a problem with the virus.

This killer vaccine is no benefit to your healthy baby, but is a threat even to your baby in the USA:  Intussusception Risk after Rotavirus Vaccination in U.S. Infants N Engl J Med 2014; 370:1766May 1, 2014DOI: 10.1056/NEJMc1402790.  This “telescoping” often blocks food or fluid from passing through. Intussusception also cuts off the blood supply to the part of the intestine that’s affected. Intussusception can lead to a tear in the bowel (perforation), infection and death of bowel tissue. It requires an x-ray and surgery to diagnose and correct the situation.

See the end of this post for a list of the top countries listed where rotavirus is of zero risk and for those where it is near negligible risk.

So you should be asking, why is my baby being given this vaccine?  And if you are in the USA, with the imminent introduction of the US “Vaccinate All Children Act of 2015” you have to ask why is the Advisory Committee on Immunization Practices mandating a useless vaccine for my child which only puts my child at risk of death.  Under the Bill currently before Congress your child has to have vaccines ACIP mandates – no if’s, no but’s and no religious or conscientious exemptions and even if the vaccine is pointless and puts your child at risk including of death – like rotavirus vaccine [courtesy of Dr Paul Offit].

This brings us to the science and the main topic of this post.  Rotavirus Vaccine 116E has according to a letter in the journal Vaccine in 2015, been tested in only 4532 infants (4532 received vaccine; 2187 were controls). There was an excess of 11 cases of intussusception per 10,000 vaccinated. This is 5 to 10 times higher than the risk of intussusception with Rotashield vaccine (which was withdrawn from the market) and nearly 70 times higher than the risk of intussusception with the current, internationally licensed vaccine, RotaTeq.  Ultrasound evidence of intussusception was found in 17 who had received the 116E vaccine (3.75/1000 or 37.5/10,000) and in 6 babies receiving placebo (2.636/1000 or 26.36/10,000): Letter to Editor – Intussusception risk with 116E rotavirus vaccine in Vellore, South India. Drs Jalaj Bajaj & Jacob M. Puliyel Vaccine 2015

So please click the link and sign this petition:

To Director, Christian Medical College: Release Rotavirus Vaccine Trial Data

The WHO has said it is unethical not to disclose data from a trial of this nature. Instead of disclosing the data, there is concern it is planned to do an uncontrolled trial in 100,000 more children exposing them to risk of death without disclosing the data from the previous trial. The full data must be provided from the Vellore trial.

Intussusception rates varied in the different regions studied by John and colleagues. In Vellore it was 581/100,000 child-years and in Delhi it was much lower – 27.7/100,000 child-years. John J, et al Active surveillance for intussusception in a phase III efficacy trial of an oral mono-valent rotavirus vaccine in India. Vaccine 2014;32 (August (Suppl. 1)):A104–9.

The regional differences in intussusception rates could mean that it may be more risky to use the vaccine in some areas. The authors called for segregated data from Vellore for vaccinated and control where the intussusceptions cases were highest. This data could also point out if a certain section of the population were more susceptible to adverse effects. However despite several attempts the data is not being shared which is a cause for great concern.

We would request the Director, Christian Medical College to release the trial data as per the recent WHO call for ethics and transparency in research.

Don’t be pushed around by some of the thugs and bullies who accuse people concerned for children’s safety that they are “anti-vaccine” instead of pro children’s safety.  They are encouraged by Dr Ben Goldacre’s BadScience Forum or some thugs and bullies amongst those individuals who congregate at Dr David Gorski’s rants on the non-science or near science-free “scienceblogs” blog or by the likes of Dr Paul Offit, who attacks anyone whilst making money from his own rotavirus patents: Paul Offit – Liar “Doctor of Vaccine Profit” Voted His Patented Rotavirus Vaccine For US Children When On Vaccine Safety Committee.

TABLE – RISK OF DEATH FROM ROTAVIRUS DIAHORREA

A word of warning about the statistics.  These are World Health Organisation estimates.  In CHS’s opinion WHO is not a reliable source of data and their estimates can be what we believe is exaggerated.  Do not forget that it was the WHO’s SAGE Committee headed by the UK’s Professor David Salisbury which brought us the swine flu debacle and at least 800 children who developed the serious condition of narcolepsy from GSK’s in our view near pointless for children swine flu vaccine.  Some of the people who push vaccines appear in our opinion to be fanatics who do not listen to science, ethics or reason.

ISO3 Country 2008 rotavirus deaths, aged < 5 95%
confidence interval
 < 5 rota mortality rate (per 100 000 population < 5)
AND Andorra <10 0 -10 0 0.1
ARE United Arab Emirates <10 0 -10 0 0.3
AUS Australia <10 0 -10 0 0.2
AUT Austria <10 0 -10 0 0.2
BEL Belgium <10 0 -10 0 0.5
BHS Bahamas <10 0 -10 0 0.1
BLR Belarus <10 0 -10 0 0.1
BRB Barbados <10 0 -10 0 0.0
BRN Brunei Darussalam <10 0 -10 0 0.2
CAN Canada <10 0 -10 0 0.0
CHE Switzerland <10 0 -10 0 0.0
CHL Chile <10 0 -10 0 0.1
COK Cook Islands <10 0 -10 0 0.0
CYP Cyprus <10 0 -10 0 0.1
CZE Czech Republic <10 0 -10 0 0.3
DEU Germany <10 0 -10 0 0.1
DMA Dominica <10 0 -10 0 0.0
DNK Denmark <10 0 -10 0 0.4
ESP Spain <10 0 -10 0 0.1
EST Estonia <10 0 -10 0 0.0
FIN Finland <10 0 -10 0 0.2
FRA France 18 12 – 23 0 0.5
GBR United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland <10 0 -10 0 0.0
GRC Greece <10 0 -10 0 0.0
GRD Grenada <10 0 -10 0 0.0
HUN Hungary <10 0 -10 0 0.1
IRL Ireland <10 0 -10 0 0.0
ISL Iceland <10 0 -10 0 0.0
ISR Israel <10 0 -10 0 0.0
ITA Italy <10 0 -10 0 0.0
JPN Japan 20 14 – 26 0 0.5
KNA Saint Kitts and Nevis <10 0 -10 0 0.0
KOR Republic of Korea <10 0 -10 0 0.1
KWT Kuwait <10 0 -10 0 0.2
LUX Luxembourg <10 0 -10 0 0.0
LVA Latvia <10 0 -10 0 0.0
MCO Monaco <10 0 -10 0 0.1
MLT Malta <10 0 -10 0 0.0
MNE Montenegro <10 0 -10 0 0.0
NLD Netherlands <10 0 -10 0 0.2
NOR Norway <10 0 -10 0 0.5
NZL New Zealand <10 0 -10 0 0.2
POL Poland <10 0 -10 0 0.0
PRT Portugal <10 0 -10 0 0.0
SGP Singapore <10 0 -10 0 0.0
SMR San Marino <10 0 -10 0 0.0
SRB Serbia <10 0 -10 0 0.0
SVK Slovakia <10 0 -10 0 0.1
SVN Slovenia <10 0 -10 0 0.0
SWE Sweden <10 0 -10 0 0.3
SYC Seychelles <10 0 -10 0 0.0
USA United States of America 14 10 – 19 0 0.0
VCT Saint Vincent and the Grenadines <10 0 -10 0 0.0
ARG Argentina 45 41 – 49 1 0.4
BGR Bulgaria <10 0 -10 1 0.3
BHR Bahrain <10 0 -10 1 0.3
BIH Bosnia and Herzegovina <10 0 -10 1 0.5
CRI Costa Rica <10 0 -10 1 0.3
CUB Cuba <10 0 -10 1 0.7
HRV Croatia <10 0 -10 1 0.6
LCA Saint Lucia <10 0 -10 1 0.2
LTU Lithuania <10 0 -10 1 0.3
MUS Mauritius <10 0 -10 1 0.4
MYS Malaysia 15 14 – 16 1 0.4
NIU Niue <10 0 -10 1 0.3
QAT Qatar <10 0 -10 1 0.6
ROU Romania 14 13 – 16 1 0.4
RUS Russian Federation 90 82 – 99 1 0.4
UKR Ukraine 16 14 – 17 1 0.2
ATG Antigua and Barbuda <10 0 -10 2 0.9
TTO Trinidad and Tobago <10 0 -10 2 0.4
URY Uruguay <10 0 -10 2 0.9
ALB Albania <10 0 -10 3 0.7
ARM Armenia <10 0 -10 3 0.7
LBN Lebanon <10 0 -10 3 0.5
MDA Republic of Moldova <10 0 -10 3 0.6
MKD The former Yugoslav Republic of Macedonia <10 0 -10 3 1.1
OMN Oman <10 0 -10 3 1.1
THA Thailand 153 139 – 168 3 1.2
TUR Turkey 188 171 – 206 3 0.7
TUV Tuvalu <10 0 -10 3 0.4
LKA Sri Lanka 72 65 – 78 4 1.0
MEX Mexico 464 422 – 507 4 1.1
BRA Brazil 857 780 – 937 5 1.3
CHN China 4161 3,783 – 4,548 5 1.2
LBY Libyan Arab Jamahiriya 38 35 – 42 5 1.4
PLW Palau <10 0 -10 5 1.1
COL Colombia 282 256 – 308 6 1.5
KAZ Kazakhstan 92 84 – 101 6 0.7
SLV El Salvador 34 31 – 38 6 1.4
FJI Fiji <10 0 -10 7 1.9
SYR Syrian Arab Republic 173 158 – 190 7 2.1
VNM Viet Nam 524 476 – 572 7 1.3
VUT Vanuatu <10 0 -10 7 2.1
BLZ Belize <10 0 -10 8 2.2
SAU Saudi Arabia 241 219 – 263 8 2.1
SUR Suriname <10 0 -10 8 1.3
TUN Tunisia 68 62 – 75 8 2.1
EGY Egypt 819 697 – 945 9 1.8
MDV Maldives <10 0 -10 9 2.4
PER Peru 277 244 – 311 9 2.1
SLB Solomon Islands <10 0 -10 9 1.6
TON Tonga <10 0 -10 9 2.8
VEN Venezuela (Bolivarian Republic of) 251 228 – 275 9 2.2
JOR Jordan 75 68 – 82 10 2.0
MNG Mongolia 26 24 – 29 10 1.2
ECU Ecuador 162 143 – 182 11 2.4
PAN Panama 38 34 – 41 11 2.5
WSM Samoa <10 0 -10 12 3.0
FSM Micronesia (Federated States of) <10 0 -10 13 1.5
GEO Georgia 35 32 – 38 14 2.6
PHL Philippines 1564 1,422 – 1,710 14 2.2
NRU Nauru <10 0 -10 15 1.8
PRY Paraguay 121 110 – 132 16 3.1
GUY Guyana 17 15 – 18 22 3.9
NIC Nicaragua 147 130 – 165 22 3.5
NAM Namibia 66 56 – 76 23 2.4
CPV Cape Verde 13 11 – 15 24 3.1
DOM Dominican Republic 274 249 – 300 26 4.4
HND Honduras 257 234 – 281 27 5.0
MHL Marshall Islands <10 0 -10 28 5.0
BWA Botswana 67 57 – 78 30 2.8
PNG Papua New Guinea 277 252 – 303 30 2.2
PRK Democratic People’s Republic of Korea 517 440 – 595 30 4.4
JAM Jamaica 78 71 – 85 32 6.1
IRN Iran (Islamic Republic of) 1974 1,795 – 2,158 33 5.3
DZA Algeria 1173 998 – 1,354 34 4.2
LAO Lao People’s Democratic Republic 281 256 – 307 40 3.2
UZB Uzbekistan 1091 992 – 1,193 41 3.4
AZE Azerbaijan 329 299 – 360 44 3.6
MAR Morocco 1316 1,121 – 1,520 44 5.4
IDN Indonesia 9970 9,066 – 10,899 45 5.8
IRQ Iraq 2257 1,921 – 2,598 46 5.4
KGZ Kyrgyzstan 259 236 – 283 48 5.1
GAB Gabon 95 81 – 109 52 3.2
LSO Lesotho 143 122 – 165 52 2.5
ZWE Zimbabwe 903 769 – 1,043 54 2.9
TKM Turkmenistan 284 259 – 311 55 4.4
ZAF South Africa 2882 2,454 – 3,328 56 4.1
KIR Kiribati <10 0 -10 60 5.8
GHA Ghana 2090 1,780 – 2,413 61 3.6
KHM Cambodia 921 837 – 1,007 61 4.8
TLS Timor-Leste 114 97 – 131 63 4.5
BGD Bangladesh 9857 8,392 – 11,347 65 6.0
GTM Guatemala 1502 1,323 – 1,684 71 9.8
NPL Nepal 2601 2,214 – 2,994 72 6.6
SWZ Swaziland 112 95 – 129 72 3.9
BOL Bolivia (Plurinational State of) 946 833 – 1,061 76 6.2
IND India 98621 83,958 – 113,521 77 5.5
STP Sao Tome and Principe 18 16 – 21 78 4.6
MDG Madagascar 2787 2,374 – 3,218 88 6.0
ERI Eritrea 730 621 – 842 89 6.1
SEN Senegal 1951 1,661 – 2,252 98 5.4
BTN Bhutan 72 61 – 83 99 7.7
TJK Tajikistan 865 787 – 946 101 7.0
MWI Malawi 2558 2,178 – 2,954 102 4.3
GMB Gambia 290 247 – 335 104 4.6
COM Comoros 126 107 – 145 107 5.4
TZA United Republic of Tanzania 8171 6,958 – 9,434 108 5.8
CIV Côte d’Ivoire 3393 2,889 – 3,917 116 4.1
MOZ Mozambique 4481 3,815 – 5,173 116 3.6
MMR Myanmar 4717 4,016 – 5,430 119 8.1
COG Congo 723 616 – 835 121 5.8
BEN Benin 1757 1,496 – 2,029 122 4.5
LBR Liberia 771 656 – 890 122 4.8
TGO Togo 1050 894 – 1,212 123 5.3
KEN Kenya 8005 6,817 – 9,243 125 6.4
DJI Djibouti 142 121 – 165 128 6.2
GNQ Equatorial Guinea 131 112 – 152 129 4.5
YEM Yemen 5094 4,337 – 5,864 132 7.4
SDN Sudan 8450 7,195 – 9,756 135 5.9
GIN Guinea 2328 1,982 – 2,687 145 4.6
MRT Mauritania 780 664 – 900 156 6.3
ZMB Zambia 3617 3,080 – 4,176 160 5.9
NGA Nigeria 41057 34,960 – 47,402 161 4.7
UGA Uganda 10637 9,058 – 12,281 173 7.3
CAF Central African Republic 1162 989 – 1,341 181 4.9
HTI Haiti 2234 1,968 – 2,505 182 10.3
PAK Pakistan 39144 33,324 – 45,058 191 9.5
CMR Cameroon 5825 4,960 – 6,725 196 6.2
RWA Rwanda 3472 2,957 – 4,009 206 8.8
SLE Sierra Leone 2058 1,752 – 2,376 218 5.0
BFA Burkina Faso 6228 5,303 – 7,191 222 5.3
ETH Ethiopia 28218 24,028 – 32,579 235 9.8
NER Niger 7473 6,363 – 8,627 258 7.3
MLI Mali 7253 6,176 – 8,374 262 6.1
AGO Angola 8788 7,483 – 10,147 263 6.9
GNB Guinea-Bissau 641 545 – 740 273 7.7
COD Democratic Republic of the Congo 32653 27,804 – 37,699 283 7.0
BDI Burundi 3561 3,032 – 4,111 314 9.5
SOM Somalia 5110 4,351 – 5,899 317 7.6
TCD Chad 6347 5,405 – 7,328 327 8.0
AFG Afghanistan 25423 21,643 – 29,263 474 13.8

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